Essentially, the Walls in the host model are hiding them (like taking view order precedence or something). Structural Columns should have Cut Dominance, but this does not seem to work where links are involved.
So, here is how to fix it - just override the Transparency of Walls to 1:
The Cut Pattern, including any overrides, instantly display:
Obviously, you can do this in a View Template for easy application to multiple views.
Helping search index:
structural column in revit link cut pattern